There is a natural complexity in India’s agricultural environments, a set of existing incentives that drive farmer behaviour toward ecosystem degradation, and bureaucratic hurdles that result in data silos. These complexities have created a lack of information and led to improper pest management practices, a lack of appropriate crop planning based on soil, water and agro- climatic contexts, and a lack of adequate understanding of the concept of ecosystems. Further, the importance of ecosystems and their inter-relationships with human welfare and well-being is not well recognized by the Indian public, and there is a lack of awareness of latest innovations in farm and ecosystem-based practices.
To address these issues, we need to establish an ecosystems-based and agroecology-focused data system that provides accurate weather forecasting & modelling, efficient delivery of crop advisories technology, implementation protocols & impact assessments for use by farmers, community organizations, and governments for climate-smart crop productivity and protection.
1. Through stakeholder interactions, identify a particular attribute for focus with respect to yields, crop health management, nutrition intensity, soil conservation, climate change mitigation, etc.
2. Identify the types of ecosystem services contributing to that particular attribute.
3. Develop a standard and scalable methodology to quantify the benefits (economic, societal, and environmental) for the identified ecosystem services, and costs for their losses.
4. Identify existing best practices / crops / strategies to maintain and/or enhance these ecosystem services.
This project can:
1. simultaneously improve ecosystem, human, and environmental health.
2. influence more pro-ecosystem and evidence-based policies.
3. provide new economic opportunities to promote ecosystem services.
4. communicate and educate the interrelatedness and necessity of ecosystem services.
5. provide quantified data on ecosystem services.
6. provide a standardized methodology for quantifying the benefits of ecosystem services and costs of their losses.